Why in Kenya?
Kenya is at the 145th position in the Human Development Index.
46,1% of people live below the poverty line e child labour still affects 26% of children between 5 and 14 years old.
6% of people being more than 15 suffer from AIDS and 26% of children under 5 are underweight and suffer from malnutrition.
40% of people can’t use drinkable water, while 70% of them have no access to services and electricity.
Life expectancy is about 60 years, but 40% of deaths are caused by infections and parasites, like TB, Malaria, HIV, hepatitis and diarrhoea.
Why in NAIROBI and its slums?
Nairobi has 5,000,000 inhabitants and 60% of them live in 110 slums. Slums are abusive urban settlements that lack of hygienic services, drinkable water, electricity and where there are open-air dumps and open sewers.
An agglomeration of shabby houses, which, especially in Korogocho and Dandora, grows up next to one of the biggest African dumpsites, where the emergency is permanent.
Korogocho is the second slum in size and in population density, where life expectancy goes down to 30/40 years old.
70% of slum’s population lacks hygienic services and drinkable water.
Here, the percentage of people affected by AIDS goes up to 60%, most of which are women and children.
Families, usually formed by 6 people, live in 13 square metres shacks made of wood, mud and metal sheet.
80% of these shacks are for rent, which costs 10 $ a month.
Teachers/students ratio inside schools is 1:60.
Dandora slum rises from the dumpsite, one of the biggest in Africa:
850 tons of rubbish each day
10,000 people working inside it and collecting recycling
55% of workers are children, who run away from school to help with the families’ incomes
one day of work inside the dump corresponds to 2 euros of income
50% of children suffer from respiratory diseases and severe infections.
WHY AT KILIMANJARO’S SLOPES, IN MAASAI LAND?
Maasai families live of agriculture and breeding. Therefore, lack of water is the greatest problem, as it affects the income of the family, which can’t afford to enrol children in school.
80% of Maasai people in this area lack of drinkable water and hygienic services.
According to Maasai traditions, young girls undergo circumcision at the age of 12/13, in order to become women. After that, they are ready to get married. This tradition leads to a high rate of illiteracy and of school leaving among girls.